A case of meningeal melanocytoma at the foramen magnum is reported in a 62-year-old man. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed characteristic signal patterns: homogeneous high intensity on the T1-weighted image and low intensity on the T2-weighted image. Light microscopy showed a histological appearance similar to that of melanotic meningioma. The ultrastructural features of the neoplastic cells were compatible with those of melanocytes, but they contained no features of arachnoidal cells. Immunohistochemical bromodeoxyuridine study revealed low proliferative activity among the neoplastic cells. The MR appearance and pathological features in this rare case of meningeal melanocytoma are demonstrated and discussed.