17beta-Estradiol replacement improves renal function and pathology associated with diabetic nephropathy

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2005 Feb;288(2):F399-405. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00195.2004. Epub 2004 Sep 28.

Abstract

The protective factor of female gender appears to be lost in diabetes; the incidence of diabetes and its complications, including diabetic nephropathy, are equal in women and men. This study examined the effects of estrogen deficiency by ovariectomy (OVX) and replacement with 17beta-estradiol (OVX+E2) on renal function and pathology in the nondiabetic (ND) and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic (D) rat kidneys for 12 wk. Diabetes was associated with an increase in urine albumin excretion (UAE; ND, 0.39 +/- 0.03; D, 5.9 +/- 0.8 mg/day; P < 0.001), decrease in creatinine clearance (CrCl; ND, 0.69 +/- 0.03; D, 0.43 +/- 0.09 mg x min(-1) x 100 g body wt(-1); P < 0.05), increase in the index of glomerulosclerosis [GSI; ND, 0.01 +/- 0.01; D, 0.15 +/- 0.04 arbitrary units (AU); P < 0.01], tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIFI; ND, 0.04 +/- 0.04; D, 0.68 +/- 0.2 AU; P < 0.01), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) protein expression (ND, 0.61 +/- 0.02; D, 1.25 +/- 0.07 AU; P < 0.01). In the D group, the severity of these changes was augmented with OVX (UAE, 8.1 +/- 0.6 mg/day; CrCl, 0.40 +/- 0.04 mg x min(-1) x 100 g body wt(-1); GSI, 0.29 +/- 0.04 AU; TIFI, 0.90 +/- 0.06 AU; TGF-beta, 1.26 +/- 0.10 AU), whereas E2 replacement attenuated these changes (UAE, 6.3 +/- 0.8 mg/day; CrCl, 0.66 +/- 0.03 mg x min(-1) x 100 g body wt(-1); GSI, 0.06 +/- 0.02 AU; TIFI, 0.36 +/- 0.08 AU; TGF-beta, 0.57 +/- 0.08 AU). We conclude that E2 deficiency increases the severity of renal disease in a diabetic animal model and that E2 replacement is renoprotective by attenuating the decline in renal function and pathology associated with diabetes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / complications
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / physiopathology*
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / prevention & control*
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / veterinary
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Estradiol / deficiency*
  • Estradiol / pharmacology*
  • Estrogen Replacement Therapy
  • Female
  • Ovariectomy / veterinary
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Severity of Illness Index

Substances

  • Estradiol