Continuous arterial spin labeling at the human common carotid artery: the influence of transit times

NMR Biomed. 2005 Feb;18(1):19-23. doi: 10.1002/nbm.917.


In evaluating the sensitivity of arterial spin labeling (CASL) and for quantification of perfusion, knowledge of the transit time from the labeling plane to the imaging slice is crucial. The purpose of the current study was to obtain estimates of transit times relevant under the specific experimental conditions of CASL in human subjects using a separate local labeling coil at the neck. Specifically, the post-label delay (PLD), i.e. the time between the end of the labeling period and the image acquisition, was varied either with or without additional application of crusher gradients to suppress intravascular signal contributions. The overall sensitivity change for varying the PLD between 1000 and 1700 ms was low. A tissue transit time from the neck to an axial supraventricular section through Broca's knee was obtained by fitting the PLD dependence to a two-compartment model. Averaging over subjects yielded 1930 +/- 110 ms for the tissue transit time, and 73 +/- 5 ml min(-1) 100 g(-1) for the cerebral blood flow. Small areas that exhibited a very high signal change upon labeling were indicative of regional variation in cerebral blood flow related to vascular anatomy.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Flow Velocity / physiology*
  • Brain / blood supply*
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Carotid Artery, Common / physiology*
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Spin Labels


  • Spin Labels