Application of retinoids in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma--a futile effort?

Anticancer Drugs. 2004 Oct;15(9):819-24. doi: 10.1097/00001813-200410000-00001.


The therapeutic benefit of adding retinoids such as all-trans retinoic acid (RA), 9-cis-RA or 13-cis-RA to established single-agent or combination immuno/chemotherapy regimens for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been extensively investigated during the last decade. However, at present results are contradictory and their application controversial. Moreover, recent studies indicated a significantly higher incidence of toxic side-effects in patients treated with retinoids in addition to established bio/chemotherapy. This Commentary summarizes preclinical and clinical trials investigating efficacy and toxicity of retinoids in the treatment of RCC.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / drug therapy*
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / mortality
  • Clinical Trials as Topic / trends
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical / trends
  • Humans
  • Kidney Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Kidney Neoplasms / mortality
  • Retinoids / adverse effects*
  • Retinoids / therapeutic use*


  • Retinoids