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, 43 (2), 207-10

Chewing Gum Can Produce Context-Dependent Effects Upon Memory

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Chewing Gum Can Produce Context-Dependent Effects Upon Memory

Jess R Baker et al. Appetite.

Abstract

Two experiments examined whether chewing spearmint gum can affect the initial learning or subsequent recall of a word list. Comparing those participants in Experiment 1 who chewed gum at the learning or the recall phases showed that chewing gum at initial learning was associated with superior recall. In addition, chewing gum led to context-dependent effects as a switch between gum and no gum (or no gum and gum) between learning and recall led to poorer performance. Experiment 2 provided evidence that sucking gum was sufficient to induce some of the same effects as chewing.

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