An alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, SKG-3, was isolated from the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma lucidum and its physico-chemical properties were characterized. It was a highly specific and effective reversible inhibitor of alpha-glucosidase. It showed very potent inhibitory activity against alpha-glucosidase with an IC50 value of 4.6 micro g/ml, but no activity for any other glycosidases tested. Enzyme activity could be recovered upon dialysis, thus providing evidence for the reversibility of the inhibition. A Lineweaver-Burk plot indicated that the SKG-3 inhibition of alpha-glucosidase was competitive.
Copyright 2004 The Microbiological Society of Korea