Immune responses to Listeria monocytogenes

Nat Rev Immunol. 2004 Oct;4(10):812-23. doi: 10.1038/nri1461.


Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive bacterium that is often used to study the mammalian immune response to infection because it is easy to culture, is relatively safe to work with and causes a highly predictable infection in laboratory mice. The broad application of this mouse model has resulted in a torrent of studies characterizing the contributions of different cytokines, receptors, adaptors and effector molecules to resistance against infection with Listeria monocytogenes. These studies, which are yielding one of the most comprehensive pictures of the 'battle' between host and microorganism, are reviewed here.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial / immunology
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Listeria monocytogenes / genetics
  • Listeria monocytogenes / immunology*
  • Listeriosis / immunology*
  • Lymphocyte Activation / immunology
  • Mice
  • Signal Transduction / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*