Far-field R wave oversensing in dual chamber pacemakers designed for atrial arrhythmia management: effect of pacing site and lead tip to ring distance

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2004 Sep;27(9):1221-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8159.2004.00613.x.


INAMA, G., et al.: Far-Field R Wave Oversensing in Dual Chamber Pacemakers Designed for Atrial Arrhythmia Management: Effect of Pacing Site and Lead Tip to Ring Distance. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence and practical implications of far-field R wave oversensing (FFRWO) and its association with pacing site and lead tip to ring spacing (TTRS) in implantable devices designed to diagnose and treat atrial tachyarrhythmias and programmed with a fixed and short postventricular blanking period. The study included 395 patients who were implanted with a DDDRP pacemaker and prospectively followed. At implant and follow-up visits FFRWO was assessed by analyzing lead electrical measures and atrial tachyarrhythmic episodes collected in the device diagnostics. During a median follow-up of 12 months 11 (2.8%) of 395 patients showed a clinically significant FFRWO that induced inappropriate detection or pacemaker malfunctioning. The atrial pacing site of these 11 patients was right atrium appendage (RAA) for 3 patients, representing 1.1% of 254 RAA patients, coronary sinus ostium (CSO) for 7 patients, representing 7.4% of 94 CSO patients (P < 0.005 vs RAA), and lateral wall (LW) for 1 (2.9%) of 34 LW patients. The minimal value of the FFRWO to P wave ratio, measured at implant, associated with a clinically significant FFRWO was 0.6; therefore, a value of 0.5 was used as a cutoff to identify patients at risk of undesirable device behavior induced by FFRWO: there were 11 (9.6%) of 114 of RAA patients with short (< or = 10 mm) TTRS, 22 (18.8%) of 117 of RAA patients with long (> or = 17 mm) TTRS (P < 0.05 vs short TTRS), 21 (30.6%) of 64 of CSO patients short TTRS (P < 0.001 vs RAA patients with short TTRS) and 3 (30%) of 10 of CSO patients with long TTRS. The analysis showed that, despite the short postventricular blanking time, FFRWO inducing undesired functioning in AT500 pacemakers is infrequent (2.8% of patients). Compared to RAA, the CSO lead position was more frequently associated with FFRWO.TTRS < 10 mm was associated with lower risk of clinically significant FFRWO in RAA. (PACE 2004; 27:1221-1230).

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Electrocardiography
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment Failure
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pacemaker, Artificial*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tachycardia, Ectopic Atrial / therapy*