Inadequate treatment of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular disease risk factors in dialysis patients: a commentary

Semin Dial. Sep-Oct 2004;17(5):342-5. doi: 10.1111/j.0894-0959.2004.17360.x.


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Despite its significant impact on health outcomes, which would imply a need for aggressive intervention, both CVD and CVD risk factors are inadequately treated in this patient population. The reasons for this inadequate treatment are unclear. This article reviews the contribution of traditional risk factors to the burden of CVD in ESRD patients, outlines the evidence regarding undertreatment of CVD and traditional CVD risk factors, and identifies potential factors that may be responsible for inadequate cardiovascular care in ESRD patients.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Editorial

MeSH terms

  • Alberta
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Cardiotonic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / therapy*
  • Combined Modality Therapy / methods
  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / diagnosis
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / epidemiology*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Long-Term Care
  • Male
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care*
  • Renal Dialysis / adverse effects
  • Renal Dialysis / methods*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Failure


  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Cardiotonic Agents