Electrokinetic, thermic, and kinetic properties of products of NADP-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDHP; EC 184.108.40.206) loci of Astyanax scabripinnis (Pisces, Characidae) collected at three different altitudes (700 m, 1,800 m, and 1,920 m) of Grande Stream at Campos do Jordão, State of São Paulo, Brazil, were analyzed. Two IDHP bidirectionally divergent loci, a single skeletal muscle, the IDHP-A*, and a single liver IDHP-B*, both polymorphic, were detected in the three different altitude populations. The variant allele *128 at the IDHP-A* locus, had its highest frequency detected in the 1,920 m population (0.494). Among the nine variant alleles detected at the IDHP-B* locus (*37, *57, *69, *79, *85, *114, *119, *124, and *140), the *37 and 79 were detected only in 1,800 m population. Chi-square values showed that only the 700 m population is not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for the IDHP-A* locus, while for the IDHP-B* locus, no population is. Homogeneity Chi2 test indicated that the populations are significantly different in their A and B phenotype frequencies. Wright's FST mean value (0.036 and 0.32, IDHP-A* and IDHP-B*, respectively) was 0.178 for the three altitude populations which means that 82% of total genetic diversity was found among individuals of each one of the populations. Stability at environmental temperatures (16 degrees to 21 degrees C), and apparent Km and Vmax values of each A-phenotype skeletal muscle crude extract suggest different roles of A-isoforms during the increased lipogenesis that occurs in fish at low temperatures.