Effectiveness of oral sotalol for treatment of pediatric arrhythmias

Am J Cardiol. 1992 Mar 15;69(8):751-4. doi: 10.1016/0002-9149(92)90500-x.


Sotalol is a beta blocker with class III activity. Few investigators have reported its use in pediatric patients. From August 1985 to May 1990, 66 patients (mean age 8.7 years; range 9 days to 24 years), including 14 infants aged less than 3 months, were treated with oral sotalol alone (n = 46) or in association with digoxin (n = 20). Supraventricular reentrant tachycardia was present in 38 patients (20 with documented preexcitation), atrial flutter in 10 and atrial ectopic tachycardia in 7. Three patients had other types of supraventricular tachycardia. Tachycardia was of ventricular origin in 6 patients and both of supraventricular and ventricular origin in the remaining 2. Mean dose of oral sotalol was 135 mg/m2/day given in 2 doses. Congenital heart disease was present in 28 patients, 14 with previous cardiac surgery, mostly at the atrial level. Prior treatment with 1 or more antiarrhythmic agent had been unsuccessful in 83% of patients. Mean duration of treatment was 13.3 months (range 2 months to 5 years). Overall, treatment was successful in 79% of cases. Highest rate of success was observed in patients with supraventricular reentrant tachycardia with or without preexcitation (89%) and in those with atrial ectopic tachycardia (85.5%). Atrial flutter could be controlled in 60% of cases. Sotalol seemed less effective in ventricular tachycardia with a complete control of the arrhythmia being achieved in only 17%; however, it decreased the number of runs of ventricular tachycardia and the number of ventricular premature complexes in 50% of patients. There were no adverse effects in 89% of patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / complications
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Sotalol / therapeutic use*
  • Tachycardia / complications
  • Tachycardia / drug therapy*


  • Sotalol