Nutrient intakes and dietary behaviors of male and female collegiate athletes

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2004 Aug;14(4):389-405. doi: 10.1123/ijsnem.14.4.389.


The purpose of this study was to assess the dietary intakes and behaviors of male and female collegiate athletes. Athletes (n =345) at a NCAA Division I university completed an anonymous questionnaire. T-tests, chi(2) statistic, and ANOVA were used to assess gender and sport differences. Multiple linear regression was used to assess gender differences in nutrient intakes, controlling for energy intake and to examine the relationships between desired weight change, dietary behaviors, and nutrient intakes. Only 15 % and 26 % of athletes had adequate intakes of carbohydrate and protein, respectively, based on recommendations for athletes. Males were more likely to exceed the Dietary Guidelines for fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium than females. Sixty-two percent of female athletes wanted to lose at least 5 lbs compared to 23 % of males. The desire to lose weight was associated with decreased energy and macronutrient consumption, but not with inadequate micronutrient intakes.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Body Weight
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Eating*
  • Energy Intake / physiology
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Feeding Behavior / physiology
  • Feeding Behavior / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Micronutrients / administration & dosage*
  • Nutrition Policy
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Self Concept
  • Sex Factors
  • Sports* / physiology
  • Sports* / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Micronutrients