The distribution of filipin-sterol complexes (FSCs) and intramembranous particles (IMPs) in the plasma membrane of the late spermatid of the boar and of the sperm obtained from the epididymides, ejaculates, and uterus 2 hours after mating was examined by a freeze-fracture replica technique. In the late spermatid, the FSC density was found to be very low. A majority of the FSCs in the acrosomal plasma membrane (APM) appeared as protuberances on the E face in the epididymal, ejaculate, and uterine sperm. The density of the FSCs in the principal segment (PS) of the APM was 291 +/- 44 FSC/microns2 (mean +/- standard deviation, S.D.), 322 +/- 41 FSC/microns2 and 355 +/- 31 FSC/microns2 in the caput, corpus, and cauda epididymidis, respectively. In comparison with the cauda epididymal sperm, the FSC density gradually decreased in the PS of the ejaculated (277 +/- 39 FSC/microns2) and uterine sperm (243 +/- 50 FSC/microns2). The reduction was especially remarkable in the equatorial segment (ES), where the density of FSCs in ejaculated and uterine sperm decreased to about half and less than half of that in the cauda epididymal sperm, respectively. Large (13 nm) and small (8 nm) IMPs were distributed evenly and densely in the P face of the APM in the late spermatid, epididymal, and ejaculated sperm. In the uterine sperm, IMP-free areas were observed in the P face of the plasma membrane, a feature thought to represent one of the capacitation changes of the boar sperm.