The yeast single-strand TG-repeat telomere binding protein Cdc13 and the telomerase accessory protein Est1 play essential roles in chromosome end replication. To determine whether a proposed Cdc13-Est1 interaction recruits telomerase (Est2), we used a simplified system in which telomere formation was monitored at an HO-induced DNA double-strand break (DSB). Tethering of either Cdc13 or Est1 adjacent to a DSB promoted telomere formation, and tethering of Est1, even in the absence of a DSB, resulted in the recruitment of Est2. Est1 association with a DSB containing an adjacent short TG-repeat sequence depended on the Cdc13-Est1 interaction affected by cdc13-2 and est1-60 mutations, whereas Cdc13 association did not. Similarly, Est2 binding to the DSB also required the Cdc13-Est1 interaction, but not synthesis of new TG repeats at the break site. These data demonstrate a critical role for Est1 in recruiting telomerase to its site of action, in cooperation with the telomere binding protein Cdc13.