Bi-directional protein transport between the ER and Golgi

Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol. 2004;20:87-123. doi: 10.1146/annurev.cellbio.20.010403.105307.


The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi comprise the first two steps in protein secretion. Vesicular carriers mediate a continuous flux of proteins and lipids between these compartments, reflecting the transport of newly synthesized proteins out of the ER and the retrieval of escaped ER residents and vesicle machinery. Anterograde and retrograde transport is mediated by distinct sets of cytosolic coat proteins, the COPII and COPI coats, respectively, which act on the membrane to capture cargo proteins into nascent vesicles. We review the mechanisms that govern coat recruitment to the membrane, cargo capture into a transport vesicle, and accurate delivery to the target organelle.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / physiology*
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / ultrastructure
  • Golgi Apparatus / metabolism
  • Golgi Apparatus / physiology*
  • Golgi Apparatus / ultrastructure
  • Protein Transport*
  • Transport Vesicles / metabolism*