Objective: Somatostatin (SST) modulates exocrine and endocrine secretion, proliferation and apoptosis via five G protein-linked receptors (SSTRs 1-5). Long-acting SST analogues such as Octreotide, and the new analogue SOM230, have been developed for the treatment of neuroendocrine tumours. Octreotide has previously been reported to inhibit endothelial proliferation. We wished to determine if SOM230 is a more potent inhibitor of endothelial cell proliferation than Octreotide.
Design: We have determined the expression of SSTRs in proliferating human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro, and determined their response to the somatostatin analogues SOM230 and Octreotide, following vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) stimulation.
Measurements: Quantitative RT-PCR and western blotting were used to determine the expression of SSTRs 1-5 in proliferating HUVECs. These cells were grown in media containing 200 pg/ml VEGF and treated with 10(-11) to 10(-6) M Octreotide or SOM230. The WST-1 assay was then used to determine the effects of these analogues on HUVEC proliferation.
Results: Using quantitative RT-PCR and western blotting, HUVECs were found to express SSTRs 1, 2 and 5. SSTRs 3 and 4 were not detected. Using the WST-1 assay, SOM230 was found to significantly inhibit proliferation by up to 46.0% +/- 9.4% (10(-6)-10(-7) M; P < 0.05), whereas in parallel studies Octreotide failed to inhibit HUVEC proliferation.
Conclusions: The pan SST analogue SOM230 inhibits proliferation of HUVECs, which are unaffected by Octreotide. SOM230 may thus represent a suitable candidate drug for antiangiogenic therapy.