Beta-synuclein exhibits high sequence homology and structural similarity with alpha-synuclein, a protein implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. We investigated the chaperone function of beta-synuclein and its anti-fibrillar activity in comparison with alpha-synuclein. beta-Synuclein suppressed the heat-induced aggregation of aldolase, alcohol dehydrogenase, and citrate synthase, and its anti-aggregative activity was remarkably higher than that of alpha-synuclein. Heat-induced inactivation of citrate synthase was significantly protected by beta-synuclein. Moreover, beta-synuclein inhibited the amyloid formation of both Abeta(1-40) and alpha-synuclein. It is, therefore, suggested that beta-synuclein can prevent abnormal protein aggregations more effectively than alpha-synuclein by acting as a molecular chaperone.
Copyright 2004 Elsevier B.V.