Screening for large gene rearrangements is established as an important part of molecular medicine but is also challenging. A variety of robust methods can detect whole-gene deletions, but will fail to detect more subtle rearrangements that may involve a single exon. In this paper, we describe a new, versatile and robust method to assess exon copy number, called multiplex PCR/liquid chromatography assay (MP/LC). Multiple exons are amplified using unlabeled primers, then separated by ion-pair reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (IP-RP-HPLC), and quantitated by fluorescent detection using a post-column intercalation dye. The relative peak intensities for each target directly reflect exon copy number. This novel technique was used to screen a panel of 121 unrelated retinoblastoma patients who were tested previously using a reference strategy. MP/LC correctly scored all deletions and demonstrated a previously undetected RB1 duplication, the first to be described. MP/LC appears to be an easy, versatile, and cost-effective method, which is particularly relevant to denaturing HPLC (DHPLC) users since it broadens the spectrum of available applications on a DHPLC system.