Objective: To assess the usefulness of measuring serum matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3) and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).
Methods: Serum levels of MMP-3 and M-CSF were measured in AS patients who did and did not receive infliximab treatment. These were compared with those of 28 healthy subjects.
Results: In the group of AS patients not treated with biologics, both M-CSF and MMP-3 correlated with the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) values, but not with each other. Logistic regression analysis showed that MMP-3 values were high in those with severely active disease. Infusions of infliximab in AS patients led to a significant decrease in the values of the BASDAI as well as the serum MMP-3, but no change in the serum M-CSF values.
Conclusion: MMP-3 and M-CSF are potentially useful markers of AS disease activity.