Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 8 (2), 445-60, viii

Hepatitis B Virus Infection: Co-Infection With Hepatitis C Virus, Hepatitis D Virus, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Affiliations
Review

Hepatitis B Virus Infection: Co-Infection With Hepatitis C Virus, Hepatitis D Virus, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Nilesh B Shukla et al. Clin Liver Dis.

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) shares routes of transmission, namely exchange of infected body fluids, sharing of contaminated needles, and blood transfusion, with other hepatotropic viruses, such as hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis D virus (HDV) and with systemic retroviral infections, such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Thus, many HBV infected patients are co-infected with other viral pathogens. Co-infection appears to increase the risk of progression of liver disease and may have important ramifications on choice of antiviral medication and treatment regimen. This article reviews the current knowledge of co-infection of HBV with HCV, HDV, and HIV.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 5 PubMed Central articles

Feedback