Nucleotide sequence of the tcmII-tcmIV region of the tetracenomycin C biosynthetic gene cluster of Streptomyces glaucescens and evidence that the tcmN gene encodes a multifunctional cyclase-dehydratase-O-methyl transferase

J Bacteriol. 1992 Mar;174(6):1810-20. doi: 10.1128/jb.174.6.1810-1820.1992.


Mutations in the tcmII-tcmIV region of the Streptomyces glaucescens chromosome block the C-3 and C-8 O-methylations of the polyketide antibiotic tetracenomycin C (Tcm C). The nucleotide sequence of this region reveals the presence of two genes, tcmN and tcmO, whose deduced protein products display similarity to the hydroxyindole O-methyl transferase of the bovine pineal gland, an enzyme that catalyzes a phenolic O-methylation analogous to those required for the biosynthesis of Tcm C. The deduced product of the tcmN gene also has an N-terminal domain that shows similarity to the putative ActVII and WhiE ORFVI proteins of Streptomyces coelicolor. The tcmN N-terminal domain can be separated from the remainder of the tcmN gene product, and when coupled on a plasmid with the Tcm C polyketide synthase genes (tcmKLM), this domain enables high-level production of an early, partially cyclized intermediate of Tcm C in a Tcm C- null mutant or in a heterologous host (Streptomyces lividans). By analogy to fatty acid biosynthesis, the tcmKLM polyketide synthase gene products are probably sufficient to produce the linear decaketide precursor of Tcm C; thus, the tcmN N-terminal domain is most likely responsible for one or more of the early cyclizations and, perhaps, the attendant dehydrations that lead to the partially cyclized intermediate. The tcmN gene therefore appears to encode a multifunctional cyclase-dehydratase-3-O-methyl transferase. The tcmO gene encodes the 8-O-methyl transferase.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Codon
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Genes, Bacterial*
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Methyltransferases / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Multienzyme Complexes / genetics*
  • Naphthacenes / metabolism
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides / chemistry
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Streptomyces / genetics*
  • Streptomyces / metabolism


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Codon
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Naphthacenes
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • TcmN protein, Streptomyces glaucescens
  • tetracenomycin C
  • Methyltransferases
  • TcmO protein, Streptomyces glaucescens

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M80674
  • GENBANK/M93001
  • GENBANK/M93002
  • GENBANK/M93003
  • GENBANK/S75300
  • GENBANK/S75301
  • GENBANK/S75302
  • GENBANK/S75303
  • GENBANK/S75304
  • GENBANK/X56583