Laparoscopic excision of endometriosis: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial

Fertil Steril. 2004 Oct;82(4):878-84. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2004.03.046.


Objective: To examine the effect on pain and quality of life for women with all stages of endometriosis undergoing laparoscopic surgery compared with placebo surgery.

Design: A randomized, blinded, crossover study.

Setting: A tertiary referral unit in a district general hospital.

Patient(s): Thirty-nine women with histologically proven endometriosis completed the 12-month study.

Intervention(s): Women were randomized to receive initially either a diagnostic procedure (the delayed surgical group) or full excisional surgery (the immediate surgery group). After 6 months, repeat laparoscopy was performed, with removal of any pathology present.

Main outcome measure(s): The end points were changes from baseline values of visual analogue pain scores, validated quality-of-life instruments (EQ-5D and SF-12), and sexual activity questionnaire scores. Patients and assessors of outcomes were blinded to the treatment-group assignment.

Result(s): Significantly more of the 39 women operated on according to protocol reported symptomatic improvement after excisional surgery than after placebo: 16 of 20 (80%) vs. 6 of 19 (32%); chi(2)(1) = 9.3. Other aspects of quality of life were also significantly improved 6 months after excisional surgery but not after placebo. Progression of disease at second surgery was demonstrated for women having only an initial diagnostic procedure in 45% of cases, with disease remaining static in 33% and improving in 22% of cases. Nonresponsiveness to surgery was reported in 20% of cases.

Conclusion(s): Laparoscopic excision of endometriosis is more effective than placebo at reducing pain and improving quality of life. Surgery is associated with a 30% placebo response rate that is not dependent on severity of disease. Approximately 20% of women do not report an improvement after surgery for endometriosis.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Endometriosis / pathology
  • Endometriosis / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy / methods
  • Pelvic Pain / etiology
  • Placebos
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Rate
  • Quality of Life


  • Placebos