Polymorphism of the p73 gene in relation to colorectal cancer risk and survival

Carcinogenesis. 2005 Jan;26(1):103-7. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgh305. Epub 2004 Oct 14.

Abstract

The results regarding a GC/AT polymorphism in the p73 gene in relation to cancer risk are inconsistent, and the significance of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the gene is unclear. In the present study, we investigated whether this polymorphism was related to the risk of colorectal cancer, and whether there were relationships between the polymorphism and LOH, protein expression or clinicopathological variables. 179 patients with colorectal cancer and 260 healthy controls were genotyped for the polymorphism by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Fifty informative cases were examined for LOH in tumours. Immunohistochemistry was performed on distant (n = 42) and adjacent normal mucosa (n = 33), primary tumour (n = 6 9) and lymph node metastasis (n = 12). The frequencies of the genotypes were 63% for wild-type (GC/GC), 30% for heterozygotes (GC/AT) and 7% for variants (AT/AT) in patients, and 62, 36 and 2% in controls, respectively. The frequencies of the genotypes in the patients and controls were significantly different (P = 0.02). The patients carrying the AT allele had a better prognosis than those with the GC/GC genotype (OR = 0.42, 95% CI = 1.15-5.02, P = 0.02). No LOH was observed at the p73 locus. Expression of p73 protein was increased from normal mucosa to primary tumours (P = 0.02), but was not significantly changed between primary tumours and metastases (P = 1.0). In conclusion, the AT/AT homozygotes may have a greater risk of developing colorectal cancer, while the patients who carried the AT allele had a better prognosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blotting, Western
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / mortality*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Female
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Loss of Heterozygosity
  • Lymphatic Metastasis / genetics
  • Male
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics*
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • Prognosis
  • Tumor Protein p73
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Tumor Protein p73
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • p73 protein, human