Comparative antiinflammatory and bone protective effects of two diphosphonates in adjuvant arthritis

Arthritis Rheum. 1979 Apr;22(4):340-6. doi: 10.1002/art.1780220405.

Abstract

The effects of disodium ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-diphosphonate (EHDP) and disodium dichloromethane diphosphonate (Cl2MDP) were evaluated in the rat adjuvant model of arthritis to directly compare their ability to inhibit arthritic processes. The results of the experiment indicated that both diphosphonates inhibited osseous changes, pedal inflammation, and the change in body weight gain patterns which are characteristic of this model. The latter effects suggest that diphosphonates may have antinflammatory activity that is not related to their previously known actions on bone. Cl2MDP appeared to be more effective than EHDP in this particular model when all aspects were considered. The relationship of these results to the potential safety of these compounds in clinical situations is discussed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents*
  • Arthritis / drug therapy*
  • Arthritis, Experimental / diagnostic imaging
  • Arthritis, Experimental / drug therapy*
  • Arthritis, Experimental / prevention & control
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Bone Resorption / drug effects*
  • Bone and Bones / metabolism*
  • Clodronic Acid / administration & dosage
  • Clodronic Acid / therapeutic use*
  • Diphosphonates / therapeutic use*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
  • Etidronic Acid / administration & dosage
  • Etidronic Acid / therapeutic use*
  • Hindlimb
  • Injections, Subcutaneous
  • Male
  • Radiography
  • Rats

Substances

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Diphosphonates
  • Clodronic Acid
  • Etidronic Acid