To test whether increased platelet membrane fluidity as measured by decreased steady state fluorescence anisotropy (rs) of diphenylhexatriene is a biologic/diagnostic marker for Alzheimer's disease (AD), we enrolled 95 clinically diagnosed, probable AD cases from our Alzheimer's Disease Patient Registry and 133 control subjects of similar age and sex randomly selected from the same population base as the cases. We measured rs in platelet membranes following published assay procedures. Laboratory personnel and investigators were blind to the identity of the samples; cases and controls were assayed in random order. Our analyses showed that the distributions of rs values were unimodal and similar for cases and controls. The overall mean differences (control mean-case mean) for the two established assay methods tested were 0.0011 and 0.0003. A nonparametric Wilcoxon rank sum test also showed no difference between cases and controls. Multivariate analysis adjusted for the significant effects of the processing date and analysis platelet recovery led to a final model with the adjusted mean difference of 0.0007 for the principal method. Increased platelet membrane fluidity is not an antemortem diagnostic or biologic marker for AD in our population.