Sensory approaches in inpatient psychiatric settings: innovative alternatives to seclusion & restraint

J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2004 Sep;42(9):34-44. doi: 10.3928/02793695-20040901-06.


The national initiative to decrease the use of seclusion and restraint in psychiatric inpatient settings requires innovative methods to facilitate the processes of consumer self-organization, self-care, and positive change. Sensory-based approaches and multisensory rooms are valuable resources as cultures of care shift to become more responsive and collaborative. This article explores the importance and efficacy of trauma-informed approaches that are sensory supportive, address the individual needs of the person, and strengthen the therapeutic relationship.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Environment Design*
  • Humans
  • Inpatients / psychology
  • Mental Disorders / therapy
  • Patient Isolation / standards*
  • Patients' Rooms / standards*
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care
  • Restraint, Physical / standards*
  • Vision, Ocular*