[Genetic susceptibility and risk of gastric cancer in a human population of Cauca, Colombia]

Biomedica. 2004 Jun;24(2):153-62.
[Article in Spanish]


Gastric cancer (GC) is the main cause of mortality by cancer in Colombia. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes are involved in the detoxification of many environmental carcinogens. The homozygous deletions of glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1-0) and glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1-0) have been associated with several types of cancer. The risk to develop GC has been associated with environmental factors and Helicobacter pylori infection. The tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) and its levels are increased in patients infected with H. pylori. A G/ A transition in the position -308 of the promoter of the TNF-alpha has been related in several studies to an increased expression of the gene and is associated with susceptibility to GC. The association of these polymorphisms with GC and the interaction with other risk factors (life style) were investigated. Blood samples were obtained from 46 GC patients and 96 controls. The logistic regression model was used to obtain the odds ratio (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals. These statistics established the association between the enzymatic polymorphisms and GC and between other independent factors and GC. The frequency of the TNF-alpha polymorphism in people infected with H. pylori was 18% in the GC population and 7% in the control group. This transition was not significantly associated with H. pylori infection and GC. The frequencies of the deletion polymorphisms for patients and controls were as follows: GSTM1 65.2% and 37.5%; GSTT1 17.4% and 14.6%. These results suggested that the GSTM1 deletion polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer (OR of 5.5; 95%CI, 1.7-17.2). Furthermore, other risk factors such as H. pylori infection (OR 5.58, CI 1.8-17.2), smoking (OR 6.70, CI 2.2-20.3) and alcohol intake (OR 3.27, CI 1.1-9.4) were associated with GC.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Colombia / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Glutathione Transferase / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Odds Ratio
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / genetics*


  • glutathione S-transferase T1
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • glutathione S-transferase M1