VSDI: a new era in functional imaging of cortical dynamics

Nat Rev Neurosci. 2004 Nov;5(11):874-85. doi: 10.1038/nrn1536.


During the last few decades, neuroscientists have benefited from the emergence of many powerful functional imaging techniques that cover broad spatial and temporal scales. We can now image single molecules controlling cell differentiation, growth and death; single cells and their neurites processing electrical inputs and sending outputs; neuronal circuits performing neural computations in vitro; and the intact brain. At present, imaging based on voltage-sensitive dyes (VSDI) offers the highest spatial and temporal resolution for imaging neocortical functions in the living brain, and has paved the way for a new era in the functional imaging of cortical dynamics. It has facilitated the exploration of fundamental mechanisms that underlie neocortical development, function and plasticity at the fundamental level of the cortical column.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain Mapping / methods*
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
  • Coloring Agents*
  • Electrophysiology / methods*
  • Neurology / trends*


  • Coloring Agents