Pre-prandial vs. post-prandial capillary glucose measurements as targets for repaglinide dose titration in people with diet-treated or metformin-treated Type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled clinical trial

Diabet Med. 2004 Nov;21(11):1200-3. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2004.01317.x.


Objective: Repaglinide is an oral anti-diabetic agent that has a short duration of action, and is suitable for preventing post-prandial rises in glucose levels. Targeting post-prandial glucose levels may lead to lower HbA(1c) levels and rates of hypoglycaemia than targeting pre-prandial glucose levels.

Research design and methods: In 42 centres, 193 drug-naive (n = 122) or metformin-treated (n = 71) individuals with Type 2 diabetes were randomly allocated to a 40-day period of repaglinide dose-titration (starting at 0.5 mg three times daily) based on either self-measured pre-prandial or post-prandial glucose levels. They were followed for a further 12 weeks and HbA(1c) and hypoglycaemia rates were recorded.

Results: Repaglinide reduced HbA(1c) by 1.25 and 1.07% in the post-prandial and pre-prandial groups, respectively (P for difference = 0.6), and achieved target glucose levels in 80.7 and 66.7%, respectively (P = 0.16). The effect of titration strategy differed by baseline drug therapy, and was more effective in the metformin-treated individuals who experienced a HbA(1c) fall of 0.6 vs. 1.10% with pre-prandial vs. post-prandial titration (P for metformin-allocated group interaction = 0.043). The rate of hypoglycaemia did not differ by group.

Conclusions: In drug-naive individuals with Type 2 diabetes, similar HbA(1c) levels are achieved with repaglinide when dosing is adjusted according to either post-prandial or pre-prandial levels. Conversely, in metformin-treated individuals, repaglinide dosing according to post-prandial levels may lead to better glycaemic control than dosing according to pre-prandial levels.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose / analysis*
  • Blood Specimen Collection / methods*
  • Carbamates / administration & dosage*
  • Carbamates / adverse effects
  • Carbamates / therapeutic use
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diet therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Drug Monitoring / methods
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / adverse effects
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Male
  • Metformin / therapeutic use
  • Middle Aged
  • Piperidines / administration & dosage*
  • Piperidines / adverse effects
  • Piperidines / therapeutic use
  • Postprandial Period


  • Blood Glucose
  • Carbamates
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Piperidines
  • repaglinide
  • Metformin