Changes in food group consumption patterns from childhood to young adulthood: the Bogalusa Heart Study

J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 Nov;104(11):1684-91. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2004.07.026.

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess changes in food group consumption patterns from childhood to young adulthood.

Design: Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls were collected on a longitudinal sample of young adults.

Subjects/setting: Dietary intake data were collected on 246 young adults (70% European American, 30% African American) aged 19 to 28 years who participated in a previous cross-sectional survey when they were 10-year-olds.

Statistical analyses: Descriptive statistics and linear mixed models adjusting for study time (age), sex, and ethnicity.

Results: In childhood, consumption of fruits/fruit juice and mixed meats ( P </=.05), desserts, candy, and milk ( P </=.0001) were greater than in young adulthood. Young adulthood consumption was greater for sweetened beverages, poultry and seafood ( P </=.001), salty snacks ( P </=.05), and beef ( P </=.01) compared to childhood. Milk consumption decreased, but the decrease was greater among males ( P </=.0001). Sweetened beverage consumption increased, but the increase was greater for European Americans ( P </=.0001). Candy consumption decreased, but the decrease was greater for African Americans ( P </=.05).

Conclusions: Changes occur in food group consumption patterns from childhood to young adulthood. Overall, there was a decrease in diet quality during this age transition. Understanding eating habits of children early in life is important for planning effective intervention strategies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aging* / physiology
  • Aging* / psychology
  • Beverages
  • Child
  • Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet / psychology
  • Diet / standards
  • Diet / trends*
  • Diet Surveys*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Feeding Behavior* / ethnology
  • Feeding Behavior* / physiology
  • Feeding Behavior* / psychology
  • Female
  • Food Preferences* / ethnology
  • Food Preferences* / physiology
  • Food Preferences* / psychology
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Meat
  • Mental Recall
  • Sex Factors