Structure-based mutagenesis studies of the peptide substrate binding fragment of type I heat-shock protein 40

Biochem J. 2005 Mar 15;386(Pt 3):453-60. doi: 10.1042/BJ20041050.


Ydj1 is the major type I Hsp40 (heat-shock protein 40) family member in yeast. Ydj1 can pair with yeast Hsp70 Ssa1 to facilitate protein translocation and protein folding. Ydj1 itself can also function as a molecular chaperone to bind the non-native polypeptides and suppress protein aggregations in vitro. The crystal structure of Ydj1 complexed with its peptide substrate GWLYEIS reveals that a hydrophobic pocket located on Ydj1 domain I may play a major role in mediating the interactions between Ydj1 and the peptide substrate. To understand the mechanism by which Ydj1 interacts with non-native polypeptide, we have mutated the residues forming the hydrophobic pocket, based on the structural information. We have also constructed deletion mutations of the zinc-finger motifs within Ydj1. We have examined the functional consequences of these Ydj1 mutants by in vivo and in vitro assays. The results indicated that the hydrophobic pocket located on Ydj1 plays a critical role in its molecular chaperone activity by mediating interactions with the non-native polypeptides.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / genetics
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / metabolism
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • HSP40 Heat-Shock Proteins
  • HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / genetics
  • HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / chemistry*
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / classification
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / genetics
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism*
  • Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
  • Luciferases / chemistry
  • Luciferases / metabolism
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Chaperones / chemistry
  • Molecular Chaperones / genetics
  • Molecular Chaperones / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis / genetics*
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / metabolism*
  • Phenotype
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Denaturation
  • Protein Folding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / growth & development
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Thiosulfate Sulfurtransferase / chemistry
  • Thiosulfate Sulfurtransferase / metabolism
  • Zinc Fingers / genetics


  • HSP40 Heat-Shock Proteins
  • HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins
  • Heat-Shock Proteins
  • Molecular Chaperones
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • YDJ1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Luciferases
  • Thiosulfate Sulfurtransferase
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases
  • SSA1 protein, S cerevisiae