Oesophageal transport of solid dosage forms depends on body position, swallowing volume and pharyngeal propulsion velocity

Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2004 Oct;16(5):547-56. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2004.00541.x.


Knowledge about transit of solid dosage forms (SDF) in the gastrointestinal tract is incomplete. Detection of magnetically marked capsules (MMC) via superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) allows monitoring of oesophageal transport of SDF with high tempospatial resolution. The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of body position, volume at swallowing, and oesophageal motility on orogastric transport of SDF. In 360 measurements we determined tempospatial characteristics of orogastric transit of SDFs by a SQUID device in six volunteers. They swallowed MMCs with various amounts of water in upright and supine position with and without simultaneous oesophageal manometry. Orogastric transit time, oesophageal transport velocity and rate of oesophageal retention of SDF depend on swallowing volume and body position at all experimental conditions. At 50 mL water bolus and in upright position, the retention rate depends on the pharyngeal propulsion velocity, and the transport velocity of MMCs in the oesophageal body are faster than the propulsive oesophageal contractions. Body position, swallowing volume and pharyngeal propulsion velocity markedly influence the oesophageal transport of SDF. They should be taken in upright body position with at least 50 mL of water to minimize entrapment in the oesophagus.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Capsules*
  • Deglutition / physiology*
  • Esophagus / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetics*
  • Male
  • Manometry
  • Peristalsis / physiology*
  • Pharynx / physiology
  • Posture / physiology*


  • Capsules