Objective: To determine if a trial of labor in twin pregnancy with previous cesarean section is an acceptable alternative to systematic cesarean section.
Patients and methods: Based on a retrospective and comparative study from 1st January 1996 to 30th June 2003 in Maternite Jeanne-de-Flandre (Lille) and Pavillon Paul-Gelle (Roubaix), 35 trials of labor in twin pregnancies with previous cesarean section have been compared with 35 twin gestations attempting vaginal delivery without a prior cesarean. This comparative study has been led by sorting out the patients according to their gestational age, parity and maternity.
Results: Twenty-seven women (77%) delivered vaginally and eight (23%) by elective caesarean section. Postpartum hemorrhage was more frequent for caesarean section (75%). No scare dehiscence or rupture occurred. There was not any haemostasis hysterectomy or embolisation related to postpartum haemorrhage. Neonatal outcome was similar in both groups.
Discussion and conclusion: Twin trial of labor after a previous cesarean section seems to be a safe alternative to routine repeat cesarean delivery as maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality are safe.