Global risk management in type 2 diabetes: blood glucose, blood pressure, and lipids--update on the background of the current guidelines

Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2004 Oct;112(9):493-503. doi: 10.1055/s-2004-821306.


Diabetes mellitus presents a significant public health burden based on its increased morbidity, mortality, and economic cost. The high comorbidity and prevalence of concomitant diseases like hypertension and dyslipidemia in diabetic patients cause the high risk in developing secondary, cost intensive, and for the patient often disastrous late complications (nephropathy, retinopathy, neuropathy, and cardiovascular disease). Therefore, patients with diabetes mellitus need a global risk management that takes the various individual clinical problems into account. The current global standards of therapy in patients with diabetes mellitus are focused on the control of glycemia, blood pressure, and lipid levels, as well as aspirin therapy and avoiding of smoking. There are a number of guidelines and recommendations to manage these global issues. Our review will summarize current recommendations and consolidate therapeutic goals and treatments that are of vital importance in the global risk management in diabetic patients.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose / analysis*
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood*


  • Blood Glucose
  • Lipids