Dietary intake of essential and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in pregnancy

Lipids. 2004 May;39(5):421-4. doi: 10.1007/s11745-004-1246-y.


The dietary intake of EFA and long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) by women with (n = 14) and without (n = 31) gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was determined by repeated 24-h recalls. Women with GDM consumed significantly more energy as fat compared with women who had uncomplicated pregnancies; absolute dietary fat did not differ. Dietary n-3 LCPUFA was substantially lower than the current recommendation for pregnancy, whereas intake of saturated FA (SFA) exceeded it. We conclude that replacing dietary sources of SFA with those of EFA and LCPUFA, especially n-3 LCPUFA, would benefit the dietary fat profiles of all pregnant women.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Diabetes, Gestational / etiology*
  • Dietary Fats, Unsaturated / pharmacology*
  • Energy Intake
  • Fatty Acids / pharmacology
  • Fatty Acids, Essential / pharmacology*
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / pharmacology
  • Feeding Behavior / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Phospholipids / analysis
  • Phospholipids / blood
  • Pregnancy
  • Triglycerides / pharmacology


  • Dietary Fats, Unsaturated
  • Fatty Acids
  • Fatty Acids, Essential
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
  • Phospholipids
  • Triglycerides
  • Pikasol