Direct measurement of attractive van der Waals' forces between regenerated cellulose surfaces in an aqueous environment

J Am Chem Soc. 2004 Nov 3;126(43):13930-1. doi: 10.1021/ja045992d.


The interaction between cellulose surfaces is of fundamental interest in various natural and industrial systems. In this study, we describe the first direct measurements of an attractive van der Waals-type interaction between cellulose surfaces under aqueous conditions. An atomic force microscope, operating in colloidal probe mode, has been used to measure these interactions. The interaction between the cellulose surfaces is monotonically attractive at all surface separations. This long-range attractive interaction can be satisfactorily fitted with a Hamaker constant of 3.5 x 10-21 J.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cellulose / chemistry*
  • Microscopy, Atomic Force
  • Surface Properties
  • Water / chemistry*


  • Water
  • Cellulose