The determinants of slow pathway conduction in patients with AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) are still unknown, and great differences in the AH interval during slow pathway conduction are observed between patients. In 35 patients with typical AVNRT who underwent successful slow pathway ablation (defined as complete elimination of dual pathway physiology), the A2H2 interval at the "jump" during programmed atrial stimulation and the AH interval during AVNRT (as a reflection of slow pathway conduction time) and the fluoroscopic distance between the successful ablation site and the His-bundle recording site and between the coronary sinus ostium (CSO) and the His-bundle recording site were determined. The mean (+/- SEM) AH interval during slow pathway conduction was 323 +/- 12 ms with programmed stimulation and 310 +/- 10 ms during AVNRT. The mean number of energy applications was 8 +/- 1 (range 1-21). The mean distances between (1) the successful ablation site and the His bundle recording site and (2) between the CSO and the His-bundle recording site were 24 +/- 1 and 28 +/- 1 mm in the RAO and 23 +/- 1 and 28 +/- 1 mm in the LAO projections, respectively. The AH interval during slow pathway conduction correlated significantly with the distance between the successful ablation site and the His-bundle (P < 0.001) but not with the distance between CSO and His-bundle recording site. There is a significant correlation between the AH interval during slow pathway conduction and the distance of the successful ablation site from the His bundle. This relationship (1) suggests that, in addition to functional factors, anatomic factors influence slow pathway conduction and (2) may be helpful in determining the initial energy application site during slow pathway ablation.