Methods: Twenty patients suffering from malignancy received furosemide, twenty patients were examined by FDG-PET without diuretics. Urine volume and radioactivity were measured before and after acquisition. Bladder activity was evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively.
Results: Radioactivity in the bladder was lower and the image quality higher in the furosemide group. SUV values showed a median of 3.0 in the furosemide and 6.0 in the control group. With furosemide, a larger excreted volume was seen compared to the control group. The furosemide group showed a significantly higher ratio of excreted/ injected radioactivity early after injection. However, the totally excreted radioactivity was not significantly different (p = 0.93).
Conclusion: Diuretics cause a higher urine volume with a diluted FDG concentration leading to an improved image quality. Furosemide accelerates early renal FDG elimination, reducing radiation exposure.