Zonampanel monohydrate (YM872) has a potent and selective antagonistic effect on the glutamate receptor subtype, alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) receptor. Metabolic fingerprinting in rat urine after a single intravenous administration of (14)C-labeled YM872 ((14)C-YM872) revealed the presence of two metabolites, R1 and R2. The two metabolites were semi-purified by preparative HPLC from rat urine after a single intravenous administration of non-labeled YM872, and their structures were elucidated by various instrumental analyses involving LC-NMR. The results showed that R1 and R2 have a hydroxyamino group and an amino group at the C-7 position of the quinoxalinedione skeleton, respectively. Therefore, the proposed metabolic pathway of YM872 in rats involves the reduction of the nitro group to a hydroxyamino group and then subsequent reduction to an amino group.