Developing DNA vaccines that call to dendritic cells

J Clin Invest. 2004 Nov;114(9):1241-4. doi: 10.1172/JCI23467.


DNA vaccination is a novel immunization strategy that has great potential for the development of vaccines and immune therapeutics. This strategy has been highly effective in mice, while less immunogenic in nonhuman primates and humans. Enhancing DNA vaccine potency remains a challenge. It is likely that APCs, and especially DCs, play a paramount role in the presentation of vaccine antigen to the immune system. A new study reports the synergistic recruitment, expansion, and activation of DCs in vivo in a mouse model through covaccination with plasmids encoding macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (Flt3L), and the DNA vaccine. Such cooperative strategies delivering vaccine in a single, simple platform result in improved cellular immunity in vivo, including enhanced tetramer responses and IFN-gamma secretion by antigen-specific cells.

Publication types

  • Comment
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cancer Vaccines
  • Chemokine CCL3
  • Chemokine CCL4
  • Chemokines / metabolism
  • Dendritic Cells / cytology*
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Cellular
  • Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins / metabolism
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Models, Biological
  • Vaccines, DNA*


  • Cancer Vaccines
  • Chemokine CCL3
  • Chemokine CCL4
  • Chemokines
  • Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Vaccines, DNA
  • flt3 ligand protein