Fracture of an endoluminal nitinol stent used in the treatment of tracheal collapse in a dog

J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004 Oct 15;225(8):1217-21, 1196. doi: 10.2460/javma.2004.225.1217.


A 5-year-old castrated male Pomeranian was evaluated because of severe dyspnea and coughing, and a diagnosis of complete, static collapse of the trachea at the thoracic inlet was made. After failure to improve with medical management alone, an endoluminal tracheal stent was placed, which resulted in resolution of signs. Ten weeks after stent placement, the dog underwent tracheal resection and anastomosis because the stent had fractured at the level of the thoracic inlet. One year after surgery, the dog was doing well and required treatment with hydrocodone infrequently. Compared with other surgical treatment options, placement of an endoluminal tracheal stent is a relatively noninvasive intervention that can provide effective relief from the clinical signs associated with tracheal collapse in dogs. Implantation of endoluminal tracheal stents may be associated with complications; therefore, the procedure may best be regarded as a salvage procedure for dogs with end-stage disease that are refractory to appropriate medical management, have extensive collapse of the intrathoracic portion of the trachea, or are poor candidates for surgery.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Alloys
  • Animals
  • Dog Diseases / pathology
  • Dog Diseases / surgery*
  • Dogs
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications / veterinary
  • Prosthesis Implantation / veterinary*
  • Reoperation / veterinary
  • Stents / veterinary*
  • Tracheal Stenosis / pathology
  • Tracheal Stenosis / surgery
  • Tracheal Stenosis / veterinary*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Alloys
  • nitinol