Background: For the past 20 years it has been shown that intestinal strictureplasty is safe and effective in the management of short strictureplasty. Long strictureplasty (> 20 cm) may be an alternative to resection in some patients, especially in diffuse disease or after previous extensive resections. We reviewed the outcome of long strictureplasty for Crohn's Disease, to examine safety and recurrence rates, compared with conventional short strictureplasty.
Methods: Sixty-two patients have undergone single strictureplasty for jejunoileal Crohn's disease since 1974. Median follow-up was 121 (range 7-253) months. Twenty-one operations involved a single long strictureplasty, and 41 operations had a single short strictureplasty.
Results: No significant differences were identified between the groups. The postoperative complications in long strictureplasty included 2 abscesses only and after short strictureplasty there was one anastomotic leak and one postoperative abscess. The median hospital stay was 10 days after long strictureplasty and 9 days after short strictureplasty. Three-, 5- and 10-year disease-free rates for long and short strictureplasty, respectively, were 3-year 80.4% and 62.1%; 5-year 55.2% and 49.8% and 10-year 49.1% and 33.5% (NS).
Conclusions: These data indicate that long strictureplasty is safe and produces equivalent results to conventional (short) strictureplasty.