Effects of Qi-therapy on premenstrual syndrome

Int J Neurosci. 2004 Aug;114(8):909-21. doi: 10.1080/00207450490450163.


This study investigated the effects of Qi-therapy (nine sessions over two menstrual cycles) on pain and other symptoms in women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Forty-six women who were attending college were randomly allocated to receive Qi-therapy (Qi-therapy group: n = 23) or placed on a waiting list as controls (n = 22: 1 dropped out). Qi-therapy had a significant effect on pain and water retention. In addition, there were significant short-term effects on pain, mental depression, and anxiety. These results suggested that Qi-therapy might be useful as a nursing intervention for women who suffer from PMS to maintain or restore a balance of Qi.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Anxiety / etiology
  • Anxiety / therapy
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Depression / etiology
  • Depression / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Menstrual Cycle / physiology
  • Pain / etiology
  • Pain Management
  • Pain Measurement / methods
  • Premenstrual Syndrome / complications
  • Premenstrual Syndrome / therapy*
  • Qi*
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Time
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome