Evaluation of an assay for serum 1,5-anhydroglucitol (GlycoMark) and determination of reference intervals on the Hitachi 917 analyzer

Clin Chim Acta. 2004 Dec;350(1-2):201-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cccn.2004.08.013.


Background: 1,5-Anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) is a glucose analogue, which is decreased in hyperglycemic individuals. We report the technical performance of an assay (GlycoMark) on a chemistry analyzer, evaluation of analyte stability and determination of reference intervals for 1,5-AG in a non-diabetic US population.

Methods: NCCLS protocols were followed to evaluate the reagent on a Hitachi 917 chemistry analyzer.

Results: Intra- and interassay imprecision ranged from 1.3% to 3.8% and 0.79% to 3.7%, respectively. The assay was linear to 110 microg/ml. Interference from triglyceride, hemoglobin and bilirubin was <10% to concentrations of 12.6 mmol/l, 12.1 and 911.4 micromol/l, respectively. Correlation coefficients between lot numbers on the Hitachi 917 and between analyses on the Hitachi 917 and the Hitachi 7170 analyzers were >0.99. The lowest limit of detection was 0.49 microg/ml (mean+/-2 S.D.). 1,5-AG was stable at 4 degrees C for 7 days, at 22 degrees C for 5 days, at -80 degrees C for 14 days and for three freeze-thaw cycles at -80 degrees C. The US reference intervals (nonparametric 2.5th-97.5th percentiles) were 10.2-33.8 microg/ml (males) and 5.9-31.8 microg/ml (females).

Conclusions: The performance of the GlycoMark assay for the measurement of 1,5-AG was acceptable on the Hitachi 917 analyzer.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Autoanalysis / instrumentation*
  • Bilirubin / blood
  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Deoxyglucose / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / blood*
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Female
  • Hemoglobins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / blood*
  • Immunoassay
  • Male
  • Temperature
  • Triglycerides / blood


  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Glucose
  • Hemoglobins
  • Triglycerides
  • 1,5-anhydroglucitol
  • Deoxyglucose
  • Bilirubin