Comparative efficacy of IR3535 and deet as repellents against adult Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus

J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2004 Sep;20(3):299-304.


Arm-in-cage laboratory evaluations of 2 proprietary formulations of the mosquito repellents IR3535 and N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (deet; aqueous cream, hydroalcoholic spray) were made with 10 and 20% concentrations of each repellent. Also, 4 commercially available products containing IR3535 (Expedition insect repellent 20.07% active ingredient [AI], Bug Guard Plus with SPF30 sunscreen 7.5% AI, Bug Guard Plus with SPF15 sunscreen 7.5% AI, and Bug Guard Plus 7.5% AI) were tested. All comparisons were made on an equal formulation or concentration basis. Eight volunteers tested all formulations or products 3 times against laboratory-reared, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes (6-10 days old). Products were applied to a forearm at the rate of 0.002 g/cm2. The other forearm was not treated and served as a control. Elapsed time to 1st and 2nd consecutive bite was recorded. Mean protection time (i.e., time to 1st bite) with proprietary formulations of IR3535 were comparable to those of deet, with 20% concentrations providing greater protection against Ae. aegypti (3 h) and Cx. quinquefasciatus (6 h). Mean protection time for commercial products containing IR3535 ranged from nearly 90 to 170 min for Ae. aegypti and 3.5 to 6.5 h for Cx. quinquefasciatus. Mean time to the 2nd bite was similar to time to 1st bite for each mosquito species, product, and formulation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aedes*
  • Aerosols
  • Animals
  • Culex*
  • DEET*
  • Female
  • Forearm
  • Humans
  • Insect Bites and Stings / prevention & control*
  • Insect Repellents*
  • Male
  • Ointments
  • Propionates*


  • Aerosols
  • Insect Repellents
  • Ointments
  • Propionates
  • DEET
  • ethyl-3-(N-n-butyl-N-acetyl)aminopropionate