Live cell imaging of the assembly, disassembly, and actin cable-dependent movement of endosomes and actin patches in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae

J Cell Biol. 2004 Nov 8;167(3):519-30. doi: 10.1083/jcb.200404173.


Using FM4-64 to label endosomes and Abp1p-GFP or Sac6p-GFP to label actin patches, we find that (1) endosomes colocalize with actin patches as they assemble at the bud cortex; (2) endosomes colocalize with actin patches as they undergo linear, retrograde movement from buds toward mother cells; and (3) actin patches interact with and disassemble at FM4-64-labeled internal compartments. We also show that retrograde flow of actin cables mediates retrograde actin patch movement. An Arp2/3 complex mutation decreases the frequency of cortical, nonlinear actin patch movements, but has no effect on the velocity of linear, retrograde actin patch movement. Rather, linear actin patch movement occurs at the same velocity and direction as the movement of actin cables. Moreover, actin patches require actin cables for retrograde movements and colocalize with actin cables as they undergo retrograde movement. Our studies support a mechanism whereby actin cables serve as "conveyor belts" for retrograde movement and delivery of actin patches/endosomes to FM4-64-labeled internal compartments.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Actin-Related Protein 2
  • Actin-Related Protein 3
  • Actins / metabolism
  • Actins / physiology*
  • Cell Compartmentation
  • Endocytosis*
  • Endosomes / metabolism
  • Endosomes / physiology*
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Movement
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Transport
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / ultrastructure*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / physiology


  • ARP2 protein, S cerevisiae
  • ARP3 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Actin-Related Protein 2
  • Actin-Related Protein 3
  • Actins
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins