Differentially expressed genes between solitary large hepatocellular carcinoma and nodular hepatocellular carcinoma

World J Gastroenterol. 2004 Dec 15;10(24):3569-73. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v10.i24.3569.


Aim: To study the difference in gene expression between solitary large hepatocellular carcinoma (SLHCC) and nodular hepatocellular carcinoma (NHCC).

Methods: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products of 8464 human genes were spotted on a chip in array. DNAs were then fixed on a glass plate. Total RNA was isolated from freshly excised human SLHCC (n = 7) and NHCC (n = 15) tissues, and was reversely transcribed to cDNAs with the incorporation of fluorescent dUTP for preparation of hybridization probes. The mixed probes were then hybridized to the cDNA microarray. After highly stringent washing, cDNA microarray was scanned for the fluorescent signals to display the difference between the two kinds of HCC. In addition, the expression of RhoC and protocadherin LKC was also detected with the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method.

Results: Among the 8464 human genes, 668 (7.89%) genes were expressed differentially at the mRNA levels between SLHCC and NHCC. Three hundred and fifty five (4.19%) genes, including protocadherin LKC, were up-regulated, whereas 313 (3.70%) genes, including RhoC, were down-regulated. The mRNA expression levels of RhoC and protocadherin LKC were confirmed by RT-PCR. Analysis of differentially expressed genes confirmed that our molecular data obtained by cDNA microarray were consistent with the published biochemical and clinical observations of SLHCC and NHCC.

Conclusion: cDNA microarray is an effective technique in screening the difference in gene expression between SLHCC and NHCC. Many of these differentially expressed genes are involved in the invasion and metastasis of HCC. Further analysis of these genes will help to understand the different molecular mechanisms of SLHCC and NHCC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cadherin Related Proteins
  • Cadherins / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / genetics*
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Liver Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Phenotype
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • rhoC GTP-Binding Protein


  • CDHR2 protein, human
  • Cadherin Related Proteins
  • Cadherins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RHOC protein, human
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins
  • rhoC GTP-Binding Protein