In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), misfolded proteins are retrotranslocated to the cytosol and degraded by the proteasome in a process known as ER-associated degradation (ERAD). Early in this pathway, a proposed lumenal ER lectin, EDEM, recognizes misfolded glycoproteins in the ER, disengages the nascent molecules from the folding pathway, and facilitates their targeting for disposal. In humans there are a total of three EDEM homologs. The amino acid sequences of these proteins are different from other lectins but are closely related to the Class I mannosidases (family 47 glycosidases). In this study, we characterize one of the EDEM homologs from Homo sapiens, which we have termed EDEM2 (C20orf31). Using recombinantly generated EDEM2, no alpha-1,2 mannosidase activity was observed. In HEK293 cells, recombinant EDEM2 is localized to the ER where it can associate with misfolded alpha1-antitrypsin. Overexpression of EDEM2 accelerates the degradation of misfolded alpha1-antitrypsin, indicating that the protein is involved in ERAD.