Bi-directional modulation of AMPA receptor unitary conductance by synaptic activity

BMC Neurosci. 2004 Nov 11;5:44. doi: 10.1186/1471-2202-5-44.

Abstract

Background: Knowledge of how synapses alter their efficiency of communication is central to the understanding of learning and memory. The most extensively studied forms of synaptic plasticity are long-term potentiation (LTP) and its counterpart long-term depression (LTD) of AMPA receptor-mediated synaptic transmission. In the CA1 region of the hippocampus, it has been shown that LTP often involves a rapid increase in the unitary conductance of AMPA receptor channels. However, LTP can also occur in the absence of any alteration in AMPA receptor unitary conductance. In the present study we have used whole-cell dendritic recording, failures analysis and non-stationary fluctuation analysis to investigate the mechanism of depotentiation of LTP.

Results: We find that when LTP involves an increase in unitary conductance, subsequent depotentiation invariably involves the return of unitary conductance to pre-LTP values. In contrast, when LTP does not involve a change in unitary conductance then depotentiation also occurs in the absence of any change in unitary conductance, indicating a reduction in the number of activated receptors as the most likely mechanism.

Conclusions: These data show that unitary conductance can be bi-directionally modified by synaptic activity. Furthermore, there are at least two distinct mechanisms to restore synaptic strength from a potentiated state, which depend upon the mechanism of the previous potentiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Hippocampus / cytology
  • Hippocampus / physiology
  • Long-Term Potentiation*
  • Long-Term Synaptic Depression*
  • Models, Neurological
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Rats
  • Receptors, AMPA / metabolism*
  • Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / physiology

Substances

  • Receptors, AMPA
  • Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate