Donor-recipient gender mismatch in lung transplantation: impact on obliterative bronchiolitis and survival

J Heart Lung Transplant. 2004 Nov;23(11):1252-9. doi: 10.1016/j.healun.2003.09.014.


Background: Because of the shortage of donor lungs, liberalization of donor selection criteria in terms of age, gas exchange, and smoking history has been proposed.

Methods: We evaluated a single-institution population of lung transplant recipients (n = 98) for donor-recipient gender matching. We measured overall survival, time to acute allograft rejection, and time to development of obliterative bronchiolitis (OB).

Results: We found significant improvement in overall survival for gender-mismatched donor and recipient pairs (p = 0.078) and a significantly shorter OB-free period for male donor and female recipient pairs (p = 0.017).

Conclusion: These findings suggest that donor organ allocation based on gender may affect long-term survival and other outcomes after lung transplantation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans / epidemiology*
  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans / etiology
  • Female
  • Graft Rejection / epidemiology*
  • Graft Rejection / etiology
  • Humans
  • Lung Transplantation / adverse effects*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sex Factors
  • Survival Rate
  • Tissue Donors